Delta is located south of Richmond, British Columbia. It is a municipality that forms part of Metro Vancouver that is made up of 3 distinct communities: North Delta, Ladner and Tsawwassen. Delta is bounded to the east by Surrey City, towards the north by the Fraser River, and finally to the south, by Point Roberts, Washington, USA.
Delta is located north of Highway 10, 17 miles or 27 km southeast of Vancouver and east of Highway 91. Delta is 14 miles or 22 km north of White Rock and the USA and Canada border at the Peach Arch crossing.
In 1791, the present lands of Delta was sighted by European travelers. A Spanish explorer, Lieutenant Francisco Eliza, mistook the region to be an island and called it Isla Capeda. During 1879, the existing name of Delta was given to the municipality.
The creation of the Colony of British Columbia along with the 1858 Gold Rush helped to bring settlers to the region. William Henry and Thomas Ellis Ladner were brothers from Cornwall, England who helped settle within the region after traveling on their way to the gold fields. They saw agricultural potential within the rich delta soils of the Fraser River. They resolved to some day return to the region. In the year 1868 they returned and claimed the land lying at the head of the Chilukthan Slough. During the year 1859, James Kennedy had pre-empted acreage on the south bank of the Fraser beside New Westminster and in the northern portion of Delta.
farming and fishing built the economic foundations of Delta. Near Annieville, salmon was first canned commercially on the Pacific coast. James Deas established a cannery at the existing Deas Island in the year 1873. By the year 1879, Ellis Ladner opened a cannery at the north end of Chilukthan Slough. He later managed the Wellington Cannery situated near Westham Island.
The flat, fertile land in Delta made it among the most vital agricultural areas in Metro Vancouver. Most of this land is preserved by the Agricultural Land Reserve regulations in order to prevent its conversion to suburban housing or development. Also located within North Delta is the Burns Bog. This is 10,000 acres or 40 square kilometers of natural wetlands that are plentiful with wildlife.
South of Delta, is Tsawwassen City and the Tsawwassen Ferry Terminal. Ferries from this place transport travelers across the Strait of Georgia, bringing tourists to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. Ferry traveling offers a spectacular voyage through clear water past the many gorgeous islands. On a sunny day it is possible to view bald eagles, seals and also killer whales!